The saying goes: prevention is better than cure, and for our plants this is no exception. Having a garden or orchard prevented from pests and diseases is the best option against possible attacks.
For our plants to enjoy good health, it is essential to apply preventive methods that promote the good development of the plants, and therefore, their natural resistance to pests and diseases.
We will take into account the following aspects:
- Good management in the preparation of the soil, avoiding fertilizing with very fresh organic matter, or with excessive or poor fertilizers, which cause rotting or nutritional imbalances.
- To choose, whenever we can, the autochthonous plants or in the case of a garden, the local vegetable varieties, better adapted to the conditions of the area where we are going to plant and more resistant to the aggressions.
- Do not bring forward or delay the sowing and transplanting seasons, respecting the development of the plants, trying not to force them to flower earlier or delay flowering by planting them out of season.
- Use the gardening techniques (watering, fertilizing, separation, etc.) recommended for each plant.
- Keep a continuous control of our plants, observing the irregularities that may occur.
- Respect the associations and rotations in the case of the orchards.
- To promote biodiversity in our garden or orchard with varied, aromatic crops and spontaneous flora.
- Reinforce the natural defences of the crops by applying natural preparations.
- Knowing the biological cycles of possible pests and the environmental factors that favour or harm them in order to act before they appear.
With all these preventive measures, we will certainly avoid major problems and disruptions in the development of our plants, whatever the plant is.